TIPTIMON –Tien Shan – Pamir Monitoring program – Late Cenozoic geodynamics, climate interactions, and resulting hazards in Central Asia
The main goal of the TIPTIMON projects is to establish a long term-monitoring (up to 10 Ma), in order to investigate the parameters, which relate to geodynamic and climate-transitions in Central Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, China and Uzbekistan). The aim of the long-term-monitoring is to quantify the geological deformation processes, i.e. both the linked rates of exhumation- and uplift and of erosion and sedimentation. Also the interaction with climatic-factors and regional hazard-potential should be assessed. Within the study area, the world-wide deepest continental subduction zone (Hindu Kush zone), as well as Asia`s most active intra-continental subduction zone outside the Himalayas (Pamir zone) are situated, both triggering equally large earthquake events, associated ground shocks and geo-hazard risks.
The investigated area exhibits extreme topographic contrasts (transition from Pamir–Tien Shan highlands to the lowlands of the lake areas of Tajikistan and Ferghana Basin) and major climate transitions (from the prevailing westerlies to the monsoon-zone and to the Central Asian desert). In particular, two seismic networks installed to gain data on the neo-tectonic deformation. On the one hand, these networks cover the Tajik-Afghan basin and the Darvaz fault zone, as well as its extension, the Pamir main thrust. In the other hand, they cover parts of the Ferghana Basin.
Based on the local data of the basic research projects, the TIPTIMON project will provide a long-term regional record of parameters related to tectonics and climate, and also of the resulting hazard-potential. Additionally, this information enables a better understanding of the rates and the significance of the analyzed geodynamic processes for the representatives of politics and economy. The products of this project include regional data on the short- and the long-term changes of deformation, exhumation, uplift, erosion and sedimentation processes which can be regarded as key parameters for geo-hazard and climate studies and which are crucial for the understanding of the evolution of orographic barriers and climate patterns.
Involved institutes and working groups